ACQUAINTANCE WITH THE MONUMENTS OF ANCIENT PEPARITHOS (SKOPELOS)
Skopelos island, Peparithos or Peparithus called in antiquity, was perhaps the most important of the "pre Magnesia islands", as Strabo call the Northern Sporades. [Strabo the "geography" of (IX, 5 6)].
The oldest remains of habitation are dating to the early and middle stage of the Mycenaean period (16th-14th century BC). These buildings and a pit grave in "Stafylos" of Skopelos, containing rich gold offerings, suggesting that belonged to a king or ruler of the time.
Significant visible remains of the island’s three ancient cities survive up today. “Peparithos”, at the location of the present Town of Skopelos. “ Panormos”, at the site of the nowadays Panormos settlement, and “Glossa” at Loutraki area. The brief excavation conducted in 1936 by archaeologist N. Platona showed that most of the tomb was destroyed. The Minoan characteristics of these findings are obvious, while the name of the region “Stafylos” (grape) unchanged for millennia is a strong indication that theancient tomb belongs to the mythical hero. According to the ancient sources, the minoan Stafylos, son of Dionysus and Ariadne, colonized Peparithos (Skopelos) at the times of Minoan naval supremacy.
The ancient Peparithos town, was a colony of Halkideon (Halkis or Chalkis of Euboia island), during the Second Greek Colonization (8th century BC). Peparithos was located in the present town of Skopelos, continuously inhabited from ancient times until today.
In classical times the Peparithos acropolis was fortified with a strong wall, a small part of which is preserved in the "Castle", the highest point in Skopelos Town. Thucydides (History, III, LXXXIX, 4) states that during an earthquake (426 BC) created tidal waves and destroyed part of the city wall, the Prytaneum and a few houses.
Farther to the west and northwest of the "Castle", at the positions "Kanakis Lakka" and "Rahes - St. Constantine" are being preserved sections of well built retaining walls that made up the wall terraces, probably was respectively the temple of Goddess Athena, which is attested by ancient inscription, and the temple of Dionysus, the worship of which is assumed by the performances of “Peparithiakon” coins (symbols of God Dionysus and grapes).
Among the important temples of the Peparithos town is the “Asklepion”, on the south side of the bay of SkopelosTown in "Livadi - Ambeliki" which was identified thanks to the discovery of an inscribed on votive offering, dedicated to God Asclepius.
The excavations herein have revealed a gallery of classic year with extremely elaborate masonry surrounding the shrine of three or maybe four sides. Found several marble votive offerings, such as a statue of a boy’s torso, a statue head of a girl and a column with a embossed representation of human figures.